Bladder cancer survival: What to expect

bladder cancer

Bladder cancer survival: What to expect

Surviving bladder cancer isn’t an easy journey, and the possibility of having the cancer return is one of the fears associated with many survivors. But this doesn’t mean that you should lose all hope. Having a somewhat normal life isn’t impossible. However, it is best to be armed with all the information in order to overcome this concern. This article will give insight into bladder cancer survival in Singapore and guide you to whom you need to turn to for help for prompt treatment and a better quality of life..

Bladder cancer

Before diving straight into the expected survival rates of bladder cancer, it is essential to be aware of some important facts about it. This commonly found cancer in Singapore originates in the cells (urothelial cells) lining the bladder. These cancers can arise in other organs of the urinary system, such as the ureters and the kidneys, but it is most commonly found in the bladder. Bladder cancer, although common, is usually treatable if an early diagnosis is made. Therefore, the importance of early detection cannot be overemphasised. Therein lies the importance of consulting a reliable specialist to check things out. Some bladder cancers also carry a risk of recurrence; therefore, prompt management is crucial.

Common causes and risk factors of bladder cancer

There is no exact cause for bladder cancer, but several factors may contribute to the condition. Some common causes are as follows:

  • Age: individuals older than 55 are more likely to develop this cancer.
  • Gender: it has been observed that bladder cancer is more prevalent in males than females.
  • Family history: individuals with a family member who has or has had bladder cancer are more at risk for developing this condition.
  • Previous bladder cancer: patients who have had the disease have a risk of recurrence.
  • Occupational exposure: frequent exposure to chemicals such as diesel exhaust and carcinogens may develop bladder cancer; air pollution is another key contributory factor.
  • Smoking: this is one of the major risk factors for bladder cancer in Singapore and can lead to four-fold increased risk of recurrence.
  • Medication and other substances: certain medications and herbal supplements are linked with the development of bladder cancer; another substance that has been linked to this cancer is the presence of arsenic in drinking water.

Other risk factors include race, ethnicity, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and congenital bladder disabilities.

Bladder cancer survival

The diagnosis of bladder cancer is usually made by performing several essential tests, such as urinalysis, urine cytology, cystoscopy, and other imaging tests (e.g., CT scan and MRI). When the proper diagnosis is made, the treatment module is commenced depending on the patient’s health and fitness and several other important factors, such as the type and stage of cancer. The treatment regimen may include procedures such as surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immunotherapy, combination therapy, and sometimes targeted therapy. Just as staging is essential for the management of bladder cancer, the survival rate also depends on the stage of cancer. It goes without saying that early-stage cancer has a better prognosis (recovery chance) than late-stage cancers.

Let’s take an in-depth look at the survival rates according to the stage:

In all honesty, the prognosis of bladder cancer is a well-calculated guess. This is because the outcome may vary depending on a number of factors, such as the location of the cancer as well as the response to the treatment and the choice of the treatment itself. Other already mentioned factors, such as the type, stage, and overall health of the patient, also play a significant role.

If the cancer is in stage 0 (carcinoma in situ), the 5-year survival rate is estimated to be above 95%. If the cancer is localised, the survival rate may fall to around 70%. A regionally affected cancer and bladder cancer that has metastasised (may spread to bones, lungs, and liver) may have survival rates of 38% and 6%, respectively. However, it must be noted these figures may vary depending on the speed of the cancer growth. In comparison to high-grade bladder cancer, low-grade cancers are less likely to invade the bladder wall and beyond.

Generally, the expected 5-year survival rate for a patient with bladder cancer is above 75%. At the same time, a 10-year survival rate for patients with this cancer is anticipated to be around 70%. On the other hand, a 65% survival rate is estimated for a patient with bladder cancer for 15 years.

Bladder cancer recurrence can also have a significant impact on this survival rate. But what is actually meant by recurrent cancer? Cancers that return after the initial treatment are denoted as recurrent cancers. The rates may differ depending on the site and stage of the tumour. A 5-year survival recurrence rate of approximately 65% can be expected from non-muscle invasive bladder cancers (NMIB), while an estimated 73% can be anticipated in more advanced stages. Usually, most NMIB cancers are not life-threatening, but if the tumour has spread, the prognosis may be poor.

Turn to the experts for guidance

Bladder cancer is not a disease that can be taken lightly. You need to enlist the help of experienced professionals. Who better to rely on than the leading specialists in Singapore? Advanced Urology comprises a highly qualified team of urologists who will ensure that you receive the best possible care. Their practice offers a number of services and quality equipment to effectively diagnose and manage your condition. Why suffer alone? Contact Advanced Urology and get all your concerns and worries resolved today.

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